Pozor! Náhled nemusí odpovídat skutečnosti. (v náhledu chybí obrázky a formátování se může lišit)
Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic and lies in the middle of Bohemia. It covers an area of nearly 500 square kilometre and its population is about 1 200 000. The historical centre is made up by the Old Town, Josefov, the Lesser Quarter, Hradčany, the New Town and Vyšehrad. Together they make a quite unique centre of town.
Prague became the imperial residence of Charles IV. (1346-1378). An archbishopric (1344), Charles University (1348), The New Town with the Horse Market (now Wenceslas Square) and the Cattle market (now Charles Square) were founded. Charles IV promoted the construction of other important builgings such as St. Vitus Cathedral and the Charles Bridge.
In 1918 Prague became the capital of Czechoslovakia. Prague is the seat of our President, the Czech government, all important state ministries and the Czech Parliament.
It is also an important industrial an business centre and transport crossroad. And it is the industrial centre for engineering, foof industries, ready-made garnment, chemical, polygraphic industries, tourism etc.
Prague is also an important centre for sports. There are many stadiums, parks (Letná, Stromovka, Kampa, Petřín) and swimming pools. Prague can also boast of the world´s biggest stadium - Strahov. The majority of Czech universities, colleges and student residences in Prague.
It is also a cultural centre of the republic. I find the best theatres, galleries and museums here, such as:
The National Museum at the top of Wenceslas Square.
The National Gallery
The National Theatre, built in late renaissance style in the second half of the 19th century.
The Prague Castle - it was founded after 880 and in 1344 started the construction of the St. Vitus Cathedral. Famous sights in the Prague Castle include: St. Vitus Cathedral, the Royal Palace with Vladislav Hall, Spanish Hall, the Golden Lane.
Old Town Square
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