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Interesting historical and tourist places in Great Britain
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is composed of historic lands England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
In England, there are many fascinating places. Many people know London and its historic centre but they forget to another monuments, which are not only in London and its environs.
We don’t have to forget to Oxford and Cambridge, the old university towns. Stratford-upon-Avon is the birthplace of William Shakespeare.
Southern part of England is full of historical monuments. Canterbury is an ancient city with a majestic cathedral. The other old cathedral town is Winchester, which once was the capital of England. Salisbury is in Salisbury Plain where we can see a beautiful historic monument of Stonehenge with its giant stone circles which are more than 3 000 years old.
West part of England has its own character. The only larger towns here are Bristol, Plymouth, Bath and Exeter. Plymouth has a proud maritime heritage. From this place in 1588 Sir Francis Drake set out to beat the Spanish Armada. Bath is worth seeing for the remains of its Roman bath built 2000 years ago. Exeter is the starting point for Dartmoor-the moorland. In this country there are many national parks for example Dartmoor and Exmoor National Parks.
The second largest city in Britain is Birmingham. It is northern, at the geographical heart of England. We can see interesting Victorian architecture here. In Manchester we can visit The Museum of Science and Industry, The Air and Space Museum. The other big cities here are Liverpool, Leeds, Sheffield and York. Northwest is mainly an industrial area, sometimes it’s called the “Black Country”.
Northern England is the country of beautiful nature, many national parks and cultural traditions. We can find here a massive 11th century castle and beautiful cathedral. The Lake National Park with beautiful Windermere Lake is the region where romantic poets wrote their poetry. The other national parks here are Northumberland Park and Yorkshire Dales National Park.
Wales is the other part of Great Britain. In Wales we can visit snow-capped mountains and green valleys. Cardiff, Newport and Swansea are the biggest cities ere. Wales is sometimes called the land of castles. Among the best known are Caernarfon, where Prince Charles was invested as Prince of Wales in 1969, Conwy and Harlech which stand on rocky cliffs overlooking the mountains of Snowdonia National Park.
Scotland. As Wales and England is Scotland one of the parts of Great Britain. The biggest city is Glasgow, an old Victorian town, the cultural centre and the heart of the arts in Scotland. The city has also some of the finest museums and galleries in Europe.
The next city is Edinburg. It is dominated by its imposing 12th century castle-Holyroodhouse. Through the heart of the city the cobble Royal Mile runs. The city is full of attractive squares, three-line avenues and elegant shopping centres like Princess Street.
The biggest lake is Loch Lamond (lakes are called lochs in Scotland) and Loch Ness is famous for its “Loch Ness Monster”.
London is the capital of Great Britain. It is the 9th largest city in the world. It was founded as a Roman settlement. In spite of it isn’t osilated part of Britain, deserve special attention. There is the oldest underground in the world. Now it operates 11 lines and is 418 km long. We can find here many beautiful monuments.
The Houses of Parliament were built in gothic style and it’s “only” about one hundred years old. There is also a famous clock-tower with Big Ben and its characteristic bell-ringing.
Whitehall is the street where the government offices are.
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